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Du học Mỹ - Những Điều Cần Biết Khi Đi Làm Tại Mỹ

Thứ sáu, 27/09/2019, 15:13 GMT+7

Khi bạn là du học sinh theo diện Visa F-1 tại Mỹ, bạn cần phải nắm rõ các qui định về việc đi làm trong quá trình đang học tập và sau khi tốt nghiệp một cách hợp pháp tại Mỹ.

 

 

 

Cơ hội việc làm thêm tại Mỹ

 

Du học sinh tại Mỹ được phép đi làm thêm On-campus (trong khuôn viên trường học). Tuy nhiên, việc làm On-campus không có quá nhiều công việc để bạn lựa chọn. Và dù bạn có kế hoạch đi làm thêm tại Mỹ, bạn phải hiểu rằng việc làm thêm không phải là mục đích chính của bạn khi đến Mỹ du học và số tiền bạn kiếm được cũng không đủ để chi trả cho học phí hay chi phí sinh hoạt của bạn. Thông thường, các công việc làm thêm không liên quan đến ngành học của bạn đang học tại trường. Mức lương cho các công việc làm thêm từ $8 - $9.50 mỗi giờ.

 

Để đảm bảo tình trạng học tập theo diện du học sinh F-1 tại Mỹ, bạn luôn luôn ghi nhớ và tuân thủ theo các qui định sau đây:

  • Bạn phải duy trình tình trạng visa du học F-1
  • Bạn có thể đi làm thêm lên đến 20 giờ mỗi tuần khi đang học tại trường
  • Bạn có thể đi làm toàn thời gian trong những kỳ nghỉ nếu các môn học của bạn sẽ tiếp tục học vào học kỳ tiếp theo

 

Job_on_campus

 

Cơ hội việc làm hợp pháp Off-Campus (bên ngoài trường học)

 

Chương trình CPT (Curricular Practical Training): đây là chương trình đi làm dành cho du học sinh tại Mỹ, chương trình CPT có thể được hiểu là một phần trong chương trình học của bạn mà bạn phải thực hiện thông qua việc thực tập bằng cách làm việc bên ngoài nhà trường (có thể được trả lương hoặc không trả lương). Du học sinh chương trình CPT không yêu cầu phải đến lớp học toàn thời gian. Tuy nhiên, để tham gia chương trình CPT, du học sinh phải đăng ký với trường mà bạn đang theo học và được sự đồng ý từ cố vấn học tập (academic advisor) cùng với I-20 mới có chứa thông tin về việc tham gia chương trình CPT (theo dạng Co-op, hoặc Internship). Số giờ làm việc cũng lên đến 20 giờ làm việc mỗi tuần cho chương trình này.

 

Chương trình OPT (Optional Practical Training): du học sinh quốc tế được phép đi làm 1 năm sau khi hoàn thành chương trình học tại Mỹ với mục đích có thêm kinh nghiệm làm việc. Chương trình OPT hoàn toàn khác với chương trình CPT vì OPT chỉ dành cho sinh viên đã tốt nghiệp. Sinh viên có thể tự do chọn lựa công việc khi tốt nghiệp trong vòng 90 ngày, một điểm đặc biệt là sinh viên có thể làm việc cho một hoặc nhiều công ty, có thể thay đổi công việc.

 

Chương trình STEM OPT Extension: ngoài chương trình OPT, du học sinh học các khối ngành thuộc STEM: Science, Technology, Engineering và Mathematics sẽ được phép kéo dài việc đi làm hợp pháp thêm 2 năm nữa, tổng thời gian đi làm sau khi hoàn thành chương trình học lên đến 3 năm tại Mỹ. Hiện nay, sinh viên học tập thuộc khối ngành STEM (không phải chỉ có 4 ngành) có cơ hội trải nghiệm làm việc để lấy kinh nghiệm cho hơn 400 ngành nghề khác nhau thuộc STEM.

 

Bạn thể có thể tham khảo danh sách các ngành học thuộc khối STEM bên dưới dây:

  • Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture
  • Animal Sciences
  • Agricultural Animal Breeding
  • Animal Health
  • Animal Nutrition
  • Dairy Science
  • Livestock Management
  • Poultry Science
  • Animal Sciences
  • Food Science
  • Food Technology and Processing
  • Food Science and Technology
  • Plant Sciences
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Horticultural Science
  • Agricultural and Horticultural Plant Breeding
  • Plant Protection and Integrated Pest Management
  • Range Science and Management
  • Plant Sciences
  • Soil Science and Agronomy
  • Soil Chemistry and Physics
  • Soil Microbiology
  • Soil Sciences
  • Natural Resources/Conservation
  • Environmental Studies
  • Environmental Science
  • Natural Resources Conservation and Research
  • Water, Wetlands, and Marine Resources Management
  • Forest Sciences and Biology
  • Urban Forestry
  • Wood Science and Wood Products/Pulp and Paper Technology
  • Wildlife, Fish and Wildlands Science and Management
  • Architectural and Building Sciences/Technology
  • Digital Communication and Media/Multimedia
  • Animation, Interactive Technology, Video Graphics and Special Effects
  • Computer and Information Sciences
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Information Technology
  • Informatics
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  • Computer Programming, Specific Applications
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  • Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician
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  • Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmacognosy
  • Clinical and Industrial Drug Development
  • Pharmacoeconomics/Pharmaceutical Economics
  • Industrial and Physical Pharmacy and Cosmetic Sciences51
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Environmental Health
  • Health/Medical Physics
  • Veterinary Anatomy
  • Veterinary Physiology
  • Veterinary Microbiology and Immunobiology
  • Veterinary Pathology and Pathobiology
  • Veterinary Toxicology and Pharmacology
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  • Medical Informatics
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